Author(s): Aradhana Hans, Dr. Alka Bharat
Published in: International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Volume/Issue: Volume. 4 - Issue. 09 , September - 2015
Water resources of a country are one of its vital assets. The enormous increase in the population in urban areas, along with change in the pattern of water consumption has added to the complexity of scarcity of fresh water resources particularly in developing countries. Understanding of water resources in terms of trends of water consumption and demand is important in framing of sustainable water resources management strategy. Demand for water depends on several factors such as population; income; lifestyle as well as physical features of residential developments. In developing countries like India, urban development plans do not consider probable spatial variations in water consumption and demand in different areas of a city and per capita water consumption at city level as a benchmark is still being used in water related projects and plans. The present paper identifies the influence of several variables on the water consumption or demand based on literature review and thematic maps are then developed in Arc GIS software for the case of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Expected uniform water consumption patches are identified with multiple intersection process. Fifteen such patches based on density of population and water source are identified spatially for the study area. The results have helped to address such variations in water consumption and demand within a city spatially and provide a framework to analyze urban household water consumption and demand in a systematic manner. Tremendous research opportunities are explored including analysis of water consumption in the delineated uniform water consumption patches and inter and intra correlation among several variable.
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