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Performance Characterization Of Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine Fueled With Castor Biodiesel


Performance Characterization Of Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine  Fueled With Castor Biodiesel
Authors : M. M. Kulkarni, V.S.Dhumal
Publication Date: 27-12-2012

Authors

Author(s):  M. M. Kulkarni, V.S.Dhumal

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Vol.1 - Issue 10 (December - 2012)

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

Petroleum based fuels play a vital role in rapid depletion of conventional energy sources along with increasing demand and also major contributors of air pollutants. Major portion of today°«s energy demand in India is being met with fossil fuels. Hence it is high time that alternate fuels for engines should be derived from indigenous sources. As India is an agricultural country, there is a wide scope for the production of vegetable oils (both edible and non-edible) from different oil seeds. The present work focused only on non-edible oils as fuel for engines, as the edible oils are in great demand and far too expensive. The past work revealed that uses of vegetable oils for engines in place of diesel were investigated. The present investigations are planned after a thorough review of literature in this area. Experiments are carried out in a more popular single cylinder, water cooled engine. Major problems associated with vegetable oils are higher viscosities, lower heating values, rise in stoichiometric fuel air ratio and thermal cracking. I am focused on Utilization of Castor oils, their blends with diesel. In this process, the performance parameters of engine such as Brake thermal efficiency and volumetric efficiency are slightly decreased, Brake specific fuel consumption and Exhaust gas temperature are increased compared to diesel for all bio-diesels.

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