Author(s): Dr. Dhole Subhash Shahaji, Mundada V. D
Published in: International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology
License: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Volume/Issue: Vol.2 - Issue 8 (August - 2013)
Background: Traditionally, a fat child is considered as an °∆attractive°« child, and is often referred to as a °∆healthy°« child, one who is likely to survive the rigors of undernourishment and infection. The obesity has been defined as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue, to the extent that health may be impaired. Obesity can be seen as the first wave of a defined cluster of non communicable diseases called °»New World Syndrome°… creating an enormous socioeconomic and public health burden in poorer countries. Objective: 1) To study the prevalence of childhood obesity in study area. 2) To study the associated risk factors for childhood obesity Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was carried out in Municipal Corporation area among school going children during the period of 1st Sept 2009 to 31st August 2010.We prepared the list of children roll number wise from selected school. From the list of children by systematic random sampling method, we selected 10% children, total 400 school children were selected for study. Results: The study conducted among a sample of 400 school children of Municipal corporation area revealed that 30(7.5%) of the children were overweight, 25 (6.3%) were obese and 345(86.3%) of them were normal. The prevalence overweight was higher in vegetarian diet (11.23%) and obesity was maximum in the mix diet (7.4%).The prevalence of overweight (8.9%) and obesity (15.6%) were maximum who°«s family members having the history of DM.The prevalence of overweight (14.9%) and obesity (17%) were highest in the children who have no physical activity at all. Higher prevalence of overweight (28%) and obesity (52%) were found in those children who take the junk food three times per month. Out of 392 children who had watch television per day, 337(86%) children had normal BMI, 30(7.7%) children were overweight and 25(6.4%) children were obese. Conclusion: The study conducted among a sample of 400 school children of Municipal corporation area revealed that 30(7.5%) of the children were overweight, 25 (6.3%) were obese and 345(86.3%) of them were normal. Mix diet, family history, physical activity, junk food and television watching these are the risk factors for childhood obesity.
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