IJERT-EMS
IJERT-EMS

Utilization of Cassava Peel Waste as A Raw Material for Activated Carbon Production : Approach to Environmental Protection in Nigeria


Utilization of Cassava Peel Waste as A Raw Material for Activated Carbon Production : Approach to Environmental Protection in Nigeria
Authors : Gin. W. A., Jimoh. A., Abdulkareem. A. S, Giwa. A.
Publication Date: 01-01-2014

Authors

Author(s):  Gin. W. A., Jimoh. A., Abdulkareem. A. S, Giwa. A.

Published in:   International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology

License:  This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Website: www.ijert.org

Volume/Issue:   Vol. 3 - Issue 1 (January - 2014)

e-ISSN:   2278-0181

Abstract

This work has been carried out to use cassava peel to develop activated carbon (an adsorbent) for use in effluent treatment. In the process development, cassava peel obtained from the wastes of cassava processingwas carbonized at different temperatures between 250 and 400 30, 45 and 60 min in order to determine the optimal conditions for the pre-treatment of the cassava peels. The chemical activations of the resulting carbonswerecarried out using different concentrations of H2SO4, HCl and ZnCl2 from 0.5 to 1.5M. According to the results obtained, it was discovered that the optimum carbonization temperature and time for the preparation of good cassava peel carbon with high fixed content were350 oC and 45 min, respectively. In addition, the results of the characterizationsrevealed that good quality carbon from cassava peel wasable to be prepared using zinc chloride with1.0M concentration. It has, therefore, been discovered from this study that indigenous agricultural waste like cassava peel may profitably be exploited and used as potential raw materials for activated carbon development, which is nowadays assuming ever increasing importance due to its low level of environmental pollution.

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